The 9 Circles of hell on earth(my view) part 2

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3 Gluttony

“Gluttons, what they shouldn’t satisfy in life in death they shall be denied for eternity”.

This doesn’t only represent overindulgence in food but also in other elements. Gluttony is the over indulgence and over consumption of food, drink or wealth items to the point of extravagance or waste. Basically it’s wanting more and more of something you already have in adequate amounts to wasteful levels.

We all have different areas of our lives where we are gluttons in. whether its money, clothes, women, men, sex. There are so many things we have a voracious appetite for and we would over indulge to satisfy. If we all got content with what we had and not try to acquire more of it for waste, I tend to believe the world would be a much better place. Human wants are infinite but we have very finite human needs.

There is a very fine line between a want and a need and we constantly play Russian roulette with it. Human needs can be physiological (body functions) ,security, shelter, education, health care love/belonging.

In the poem, the gluttons lie sightless and heedless of their neighbors, symbolizing the cold, selfish, and empty sensuality of their lives. Just as lust has revealed its true nature in the winds of the previous circle, here the slush reveals the true nature of sensuality which includes overindulgence.

4 Greed

“All the earths treasure cannot give relief to these souls. What a mockery is made of the brief battle of possessions that make so short a life.”

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It’s like lust and gluttony, a sin of excess. However, greed is applied to a very excessive or rapacious desire and pursuit of material possession. This is one of the 7 deadly sins since it leads to people taking things from those who really need them to satisfy their own selfish wants. This includes governments, churches and many other religions, leading to me wondering, is it really worth it owning the world and leaving a tarnished image or as moralists would say, losing your soul?

In the poem, those whose attitude toward material goods deviated from the appropriate mean are punished here. They include the avaricious or miserly (including many “clergymen, and popes and cardinals”),who hoarded possessions, and the prodigal, who squandered them. The contrast between these two groups leads Virgil to discourse on the nature of Fortune, who raises nations to greatness, and later plunges them into poverty, as she shifts “those empty goods from nation unto nation, clan to clan.”

5 Anger

“Do not dwell in the past details. Angry souls know no end to their fury.”

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It is only human that we are sometimes prone to anger. I suppose It is how you channel that anger that really makes a difference, it is a timeless story where one does something and claims they were not thinking straight because they were angry. Never saying or acting out of anger serves well to deter bad life decisions and acts that you will probably regret.

In the poem, this reflects the fact that souls in Hell are eternally fixed in the state they have chosen, but allegorically, it reflects Dante’s beginning awareness of his own sin. An angel sent from Heaven secures entry for the poets, opening the gate by touching it with a wand, and rebukes those who opposed Dante. Allegorically, this reveals the fact that the poem is beginning to deal with sins that philosophy and humanism cannot fully understand.

6 Heresy

The damned can foresee the future but cannot see the present.

In the poem, Heretics, such as those who say “the soul dies with the body” are trapped in flaming tombs. In response to a question from Dante about the “prophecy” he has received, Farinata explains that what the souls in Hell know of life on earth comes from seeing the future, not from any observation of the present. Consequently, when “the portal of the future has been shut, “it will no longer be possible for them to know anything.

7  Violence

“The pain you endure purifies you, forever bound, like a shadow of time, unforgotten.”

There is a common saying that, what doesn’t kill you makes you stronger… well except polio. It is true that adversity only serves to make us stronger so whatever you go through serves to strengthen your resolve.

Violence as a concept is well known throughout history. Many of the civilizations were brought about by conquests and the same brought many civilizations down……except the Mayans who were probably kidnapped by aliens. However, all through history there have been a lot of people claiming that they were waging war for God; these are those who commit sin in the name of God. God doesn’t condone any violence. Recently the Al Qaeda and the Al Shabaab have been wreaking havoc on the world in the name of waging holy war against the unbelievers,this is wrong since even the Quran doesn’t condone violence.

In the poem,This ring houses the violent against people and property, the violent against God and the suicides.  Dante learns that suicides, unique among the dead, will not be corporally resurrected after the final judgment since they gave away their bodies through suicide; instead they will maintain their bushy form, with their own corpses hanging from the thorny limbs. The other residents of this ring are the profligates, who destroyed their lives by destroying money and property. They are perpetually chased and mauled by ferocious dogs. The destruction wrought upon the wood by the profligates’ flight and punishment as they crash through the undergrowth causes further suffering to the suicides, who cannot move out of the way

Final part coming next

 

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